Before going in particulars, let’s find out what the normal stool color is. It is brown. This color is normally obtained while the stool mixes with stomach bacteria and bile. Even the lightest color gradations say much about health changes and possible complications. At times stool color indicates serious conditions. Let’s talk about white specks in stool and those of black color. What are they triggered by? Is there any reason for concern? What treatment applies to your case?
WHAT CAN POSSIBLY LEAD TO WHITE SPECKS IN STOOL?
The fact we’d like to start with is that having white spots in stool has never been the sign of a healthy bowel movement. The occurrence of such spots is common, but speaking of some exact causes is pretty tough as too many factors as well as their combinations can lead to this condition. Before starting any treatment process it is highly essential to get a professional consultation and a comprehensive diagnostics as self treatment is usually dangerous and may lead to condition worsening.
SPEAKING OF CAUSES
To define the trigger, the stool is usually examined in a laboratory for the cause. Normally, a diagnostic procedure helps verifying the presence of eggs or larvae in stool. Here’s the list of the commonest triggers you should know of:
- parasitic infestation;
- intestines infection;
- process of fat digestion that leads to gall bladder or liver conditions (fatty globules start appearing in stool as spots of white color);
- lactose intolerance;
NOTE: as a rule this condition is described as an inability of the organism to digest/process dairy products like butter, milk, cheese, yoghurt and others. Whenever a person with this condition consumes dairy products, the meal remains undigested and is later eliminated in stool. The spots are undigested particles that are referred as white specks in stool.
- bowel inflammation caused by different kinds of diseases. The condition is referred to as IBS (Irritable Bowl Inflammation) that leads to mucosal lining irritation and inflammation;
- bile duct obstruction. It arises because of a tumor or gallstone. Sooner or later it results in white-colored particles in stool;
- nutrition deficiency (imbalanced nutrition);
- weight loss;
- poor, bad, irregular digestion;
- muscular weakness;
- fungi batches elimination;
NOTE: batches of fungi look like white spots and they can be eliminated along with the stool. People with impaired or poor immune system are more prone to the condition than others (AIDS patients, those who undergo radiation therapy or chemotherapy).
- matters that can’t be digested (capsule covers, seeds, eatable forms).
TREATING WHITE SPECKS IN STOOL
Let’s start with home remedies that are cheap and mostly effective. So, as soon as you notice white-colored particles in your stool you should look for proper remedies. Never take any medications without professional consultations as drugs have multiple side effects that can lead to condition worsening or any additional adverse reactions.
What do we suggest? Taking calcium or vinegar is pretty helpful in the treatment process. Calcium pills should be taken twice a day to normalize the digestion process and eliminate triggers. Vinegar can be dissolved in water (a teaspoon per 1 glass) and drunk before eating.
Professional treatment is safer and works much faster. Appropriate medication is always chosen by a doctor after condition evaluation. The prescribed medications differ from person to person.
WHAT TRIGGERS BLACK SPECKS IN STOOL AND HOW TO TREAT THE ISSUE?
The very first idea that comes to one’s mind after noticing black specks in stool sounds like ‘I’m having gut bleeding’. This is a rare case rather than a norm, so before jumping to conclusions think over other possible triggers.
If there is the case of gut bleeding a person notices not tiny black specks in stool, but much blood or the stool that is overall dark/red colored. The color depends on the bleeding condition. If the bleeding takes place in the gut’s upper part, the stool is getting really dark, even black. Why so? The thing is that the blood passes through the stomach, gets digested with other foods and then mixes there. If the bleeding is in the lower part, the stool is light red: it never passes through the stomach, it’s never digested with food and can come either in red or black spots.
Is it the cause for concern? FYI, usually it’s not, unless the condition is regular or is happening for a long time. Besides, at times, specks do appear due to seeds of fruits that you eat. So, what’s the reason? Let’s divide them all into three categories.
- SAFE CAUSES
- bismuth containing drugs: ibuprofen, aspirin, NSAIDs, iron supplements, Pepto-Bismol in excess amounts;
- foods & drinks: black pepper, bananas, spinach, blueberries, plums, legumes, beets, figs, cherries, raw/undercooked meat, leafy dark green veggies, paprika, pudding, iron-abundant meals, black licorice, red wine;
- fruit seeds that are usually not fully digested and appear in the stool;
- fiber (its excessive intake) works accelerating the passage of consumed food through the digestive tract. This leads to undigested food that changes the stool color.
- INFECTIONS (PARASITIC AND BACTERIAL)
They appear because of contaminated:
Infections and bacteria affect the digestive system and are marked by black dots in stool. Entamoeba histolytica leads to amoebiasis, Giardia lamblia triggers giardiasis, etc.
- UNDERLYING CONDITIONS
- Crohn’s disease;
- gastrointestinal inflammation;
- mucous membrane tearing;
- colon cancer;
- anal canal;
- hepatitis or cirrhosis.
When gastritis occurs, there’s always stomach lining inflammation and irritation because of infection and proliferation of the stomach wall. It happens due to alcoholism, various anti-inflammatory drugs and H. pylori bacteria. The process of digestion gets hampered, so there may appear black dots.
For those, who don’t know Crohn’s diseases in accompanied by the inflammation of the digestive tract. The causes are still unknown, but the condition normally happens in people who smoke and drink a lot. Bleeding and stool color changes are usual for this condition.
IBS and ulcerative colitis (the most common gastrointestinal conditions) lead to black dots in stool too. Even today causes remain unknown, though many scientists talk about the inflammation of intestinal walls and colon wall inflammation. Mucous membrane connects esophagus to the stomach and its tearing occurs because of persistent or violent strenuous vomiting or coughing. The tearing is called Mallory-Weis and is accompanied by bleeding that is seen in the stool.
Some people may have ulcers that are open wounds. They are always painful and are accompanied by excessive bleeding. The blood normally undergoes oxidation along with other chemical processes and the only way it is eliminated from the body in is stool specks of black color.
Patients suffering and treating colon cancer caused by lethargic lifestyle, smoking, poor diet and bowel inflammation observe black dots in their stool more often than others. Why so? The tumors bleed regularly leading to dots of black color in stool.
The most common liver diseases (cirrhosis and hepatitis) are normally marked by blood circulation disruptions. With time they make the blood flow in reverse direction, to the esophagus. The condition is very dangerous as it makes the veins swell up and rupture. When a vein ruptures, the leaked blood goes to the digestive system and is normally excreted as a black spot in stool.
NOTE: such conditions as pregnancy, increased and strenuous bowel movements usually trigger the inflammation of the veins of the anal canal. At first these veins swollen and then burst and start bleeding while a person is defecating. This is where spots come from.
Black-colored dots may appear at any age, but older people are more prone to their occurrence. Especially those people whose bodies are damaged by unhealthy habits like alcoholism and smoking. Rectal bleeding is more dangerous than you think. Whenever there is a sign of one, contact your physician.
TREATING BLACK SPECKS IN STOOL
A temporary case: if your condition is caused by safe factors, it is referred to as temporary. Today there’s no treatment for the so-called temporary cases. Nevertheless, whenever a temporary condition is accompanied by loss of appetite, pain, cramps, foul smell and diarrhea aside of dark spots, it’s no longer plain and safe and should be checked by a physician.
A permanent case: no one, except for your health care professional, is going to tell you what your exact treatment course must be. Things depend on the underlying causes and the latter ones are multiple as you see. While you are at home, think what and how much you eat. Try to withhold unhealthy or questionable products for a couple of days to checks whether they were the ones to cause problems. Do it before going to your physician to be able to inform him that your condition is not food-triggered.
What specks in stool do you have? Are they white or black? Both types can be either absolutely safe or signs of pretty serious conditions. Much can be said about what you MUST and MUST NEVER do, however, cases are different and there’s no single tip for all patients. The only thing we can be 100% sure of is that you should leave no place for stress and panic: any condition is treatable, if you address it timely and correctly.