General Health

Solar Comedones: Common Characteristics and Effective Treatment

There’s a chance that you have come across another name of solar comedones – senile ones. They are the two names that describe the same health condition – comedones that appear on the face of elderly and middle-aged due to a durable sun exposure. They appear on cheeks and become leathery or yellow. In the scientific fields they are also called grouped comedones that appear on the damaged skin more often than healthy one. Sometimes their appearance is related to Favre-Racouchot syndrome. Senile comedones can occur as blackheads, whiteheads or even large cysts, but they are never related to acne vulgaris and don’t become inflamed.

Solar Comedones and Favre-Racouchot Syndrome

Solar Comedones 2

Favre-Racouchot syndrome combines two conditions and affects elderly and middle-aged people. The syndrome consists of:

  • solar comedones development: tiny nodules that look like acne;
  • elastosis: it causes the skin of the affected area to become yellow and thick and start developing furrows.

The comedones really look line acne. The only difference is that they aren’t inflamed, yet always persistent. And while senile comedones appear due to a durable sun exposure, elastosis is a result of both sun exposure and really heavy smoking.

Common Characteristics and Causes of Solar Comedones

These lesions are found on the nose and cheeks, around the eyes and neck. They can be whiteheads and blackheads as well as occasional cysts. The affected areas turn yellow, leathery and thick. The condition is never related to acne vulgaris. After such comedones appear on the skin, they remain present until solar comedones extraction.

What can cause the occurrence of comedones of this type? Today scientists define three main causes:

  1. free radical damage that is related to UV-exposure as well as smoking;
  2. intense exposure to the sun in case of people, who originate from cold climates and spend much time in the bright daylight;
  3. intense sun exposure in case of really enlarged pores in elderly people.

TOP 3 Problems Associated with Solar Comedones

Solar Comedones

Dealing with this type of comedones has never been easy. There are three problems that arise, whenever the skin is affected.

A Correct Diagnosis and Proper Treatment

Some healthcare providers find it really hard to see any difference between senile comedones and the ones related to acne. Besides solar comedones treatment is a real challenge even for the most skilful skin therapists. Professional extraction may be the key to treatment, yet it is regarded as a pretty distressing aspect: it is uncomfortable and painful and requires the use of a needle. Besides, proper care is needed after extraction, too. Otherwise, comedones will soon reappear.


The appearance of such skin condition is more than just upsetting. Its reduction and successful treatment helps improve the quality of life, raise self-esteem and self-confidence. Yet, until there’s success, a man suffers a lot.


Home skincare routine takes much time, but it is the key to the health and beauty of your skin. Aside from using quality and effective skincare products, it’s also essential to use vitamin A (retinol). Its high potency doses are very effective.

How to Treat Solar Comedones?

Unfortunately, the notion of permanent elimination doesn’t suit the case: many researchers and dermatologists have been trying to eliminate solar comedones permanently, yet they failed. Solar comedones extraction does bring results, but they are permanent. Sun exposure along with unhealthy habits like smoking, high-fat diet, aerated drinks and processed food helps comedones development.

If you want to treat these comedones, you should:

  • never start smoking or stop smoking, if you have started;
  • keep to routine cleansing morning and evening with a help of a gentle cleanser;
  • moisturize in order to protect your skin and hydrate it;
  • keep all your pores cleaned out;
  • visit your dermatologist for routine extractions;
  • apply exfoliating serum daily;
  • apply retinoid serum daily;
  • have proper amount of water throughout the day;
  • protect your skin from the sun: wear a hat or seek shade, apply some non-comedogenic sun cream or sunscreen several times per day.

This easy and affordable skin routine is suggested by many dermatologists. In combination with regular visits to your doctor, it will help treat solar comedones and prevent their reoccurrence.