Our body removes the waste and toxins via urine. It is expected that the body releases a certain urine amount each day, depending on the amount of liquid taken. What is a normal urine output? It is equal to 800-2000 ml per day, when a person takes around 2 liters of water or any other fluid during the day. Yet, the amount can vary from person to person. When there is scanty urination, it is a sign of a medical condition that can be either mild or serious. Anyway, when first signs of unusual changes are observed, a person is to seek medical assistance.
Causes of Scanty Urination
Scanty urine output may occur due to different reasons. Some of them are not dangerous, while others require professional treatment. Guessing which one you have is of no use as secondary symptoms may be absent. We offer you to look through the list of possible causes to see what you should expect to hear at a doctor’s office.
This is the most common cause, which is also the safest one. In most cases a person produces less urine just because of dehydration. Dehydration may be caused by such minor conditions like diarrhea and fever that make the body unable replace the fluids that are drawn out of it. When cases of fever or diarrhea occur, make sure you drink enough water to avoid dehydration complications.
What kinds of infections can lead to scanty urination? Doctors talk of a severe infection that make the body enter the shock state that adds to the reduction of the blood amount going to the organs. Frankly speaking, the condition is rather serious and requires immediate medical help.
- Urinary Tract Obstruction
Any obstruction or blockage prevents urine from leaving the kidneys, thus decreasing the amount of urine. Whenever a person suffers from this condition, he experiences swelling and fever, nausea and vomiting. Body pain is possible, too.
- Kidney Failure
If it happens so that the condition is triggered by kidney failure, it can become either chronic or acute. The chronic one is progressive and is provoked by diabetes or poorly managed hypertension. There are several other kidney-related conditions that may lead to scanty urine:
- Insufficient blood amounts reaching the kidneys. The condition typically occurs because of blood loss or dehydration triggered by diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating, inability to take fluids, etc. There are also certain medications (diuretics) that lead to dehydration, too. Sometimes the heart is weak and can’t pump enough blood to one’s kidneys. Another reason is low blood pressure that resulted from a serious infection or shock. If you take medications to fight high blood pressure, they may have drawbacks, as well;
- Kidney damage. The damage can be caused by acute tubular necrosis, which is a kidney injury kind provoked by low blood pressure or a substance that is toxic to kidneys. Such substances are antibiotics like gentamicin, iodine that is widely used in X-ray tests and metal mercury. Kidney damage may have another trigger – cancer or tumors that involve these organs, automotive disorders glomerulonephritis or chronic renal failure. Speaking of automotive disorders, they are the attacks of the person’s own immune system (lupus or systemic lupus erythematosus, a condition which affects many body areas). As to the chronic renal failure, it’s a complication of high blood pressure or long-standing diabetes. The condition is inherited. Glomerulonephritis is another kidney damage type that occurs after infections;
- Tubes blockage. These may be kidney stones that typically affect both kidneys, yet this condition is rare. A tumor or cancer in the prostate or bladder is one more reason. And finally, prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, this case is common for males over 40 years.
Most kidney diseases that may lead to scanty amount of urine are an inherited problem. As to the rare conditions that may lead to such complications, they are other medical conditions or sever infections.
Many trials and researches were conducted to learn the real causes of scanty urination. According to statistics, there are eight of them that are the core triggers.
When should you talk to your doctor? It is suggested to see a doctor as soon as possible. Here are the very first symptoms that should become reasons for your concern:
- Having less urine than usually;
- Having vomiting, diarrhea or fever – conditions that prohibit from getting enough fluids;
- Lightheadedness and fast pulse along with low urine amounts.
Here’s statistics of the most common symptoms:
Home Treatment for Scanty Urination
As in most cases the condition is related to kidney problems, there are several recommendations that can be done for the health of kidneys:
- Eat small protein portions: it is suggested to consult a specialist. He will suggest the amount of protein to be administered daily. There are many protein-rich foods like lean meats and cheese, eggs and milk, beans and others;
- Consume less salt: the intake of salt must be limited. It is suggested to avoid eating frozen dinners, fast foods and canned soups, canned vegetables, processed cheeses, meats and salty snacks;
- Eat lower potassium foods: it is normally advised to avoid foods that are rich in potassium: bananas, oranges, tomatoes, spinach, etc. Choose carrots and apples, grapes and cabbages, blueberries and beans instead.
When knowing the cause, the treatment process becomes easier. Yet, there are several universal recommendations for those, who faced the issue of a scanty urine output all of a sudden:
- Drink cranberry juice as it will help eliminate kidney infections. Mix it with apple juice and consume the mixture twice daily;
- Relieve the condition by drinking more water;
- Make use of watermelon juice as its consumption will assist in making the urine flow smoothly. Specialists advise taking one tablespoon of milk from grinding watermelon seeds;
- Make Indian gooseberry juice as it is a nice diuretic and is able to help those, who suffer from low urine output cause by serious infections;
- Eat a banana. This is perhaps the simplest option ever. Elements present in bananas allow the urine flowing in the quantity that is sufficient;
- Drink a single glass of cucumber juice two times a day to make the flow of urine smooth;
- Consume coconut water and sugarcane juice as they solve the problems of scanty urine in any person.
Believe it or not, yet homemade remedies are pretty helpful. They are suggested both in mild and severe cases. They can’t be used as the only treatment options. But, when combined with proper medications, they add to the rapid recovery.
Medications Used for Scanty Urination Cases
Today there are different medications that are widely prescribed for cases of scanty amount of urine. They prove their efficacy, yet the duration and results of the treatment process depend on the severity of the condition. Really helpful and reliable meds include the following elements:
- Sodium phosphate;
- Iron polysaccharide;
- Mineral oil;
- Hydrochlorothiazide, etc.
But can anything be done to prevent the case of scanty urination? Usually prevention depends on the trigger. We suggest avoiding certain medications, drinking enough fluids regularly and treating such serious conditions as hypertension, diabetes and kidney failure with all the responsibility.
There are some long-term effects of such conditions. People with kidney failures will need dialysis or a kidney transplant. A patient has a surgery first. Later he is hooked up to a blood-filtering machine. If the infection is very serious, it may lead to cancer and even death.
Of course, the condition is not catching and risks to others are absent, but it may be inherited, so if there’s a history of low urine output in your family, you should have regular check-ups and watch out for the first symptoms and signs.
Scanty urination can result from less serious health conditions that are left untreated. Frankly speaking, it happens all the time in different people. Some of them cope with the issue on their own while others require proper and expensive treatment. Before the things went too far, please seek medical attention. It’s better to spend time on a check-up than lose normal life because of inadvertence.