Though dental problems are various, black spot on tooth is the one that requires special attention. Why does it occur? The reasons may be very different, yet the result is one: the layer beneath the enamel starts to erode. It is filled with bacteria that begin growing and spreading. Is there any way to treat the condition? There surely is, but first things first. Let’s learn what can trigger spots to figure out how to cope with the issue.
What Causes the Appearance of Black Spots on the Teeth?
First problems appear on the interior because of damage or trauma, surface staining, intrinsic staining or cavities. Depending on the trigger, a dentist chooses the most appropriate treating program. The problem can also worsen when the tooth is exposed to different staining agents that keep damaging the interior layers. So, what could possibly lead to complications in your case?
- Dental Caries
It’s the commonest cause of stains. Dental caries appears due to the bacteria that sooner or later trigger tooth decay and lead to the formation of dark marks.
Smoking is another common trigger that adds to the creating of small deposits on teeth. The mentioned deposits appear because of the tartar and calculus that are already present on enamel. Most smokers fail at maintaining a good oral hygiene. In time the condition worsens and may lead to a loss.
- Foods High in Sugar & Carbonated Beverages
Like those? Then get ready to serious dental problems. Such foods and drinks are regarded as the breeding ground for bacteria. While feeding on the sugar you consume, they destroy the enamel step by step. If a person starts cutting down on such products, he stops the process. If he cannot, he should rinse his mouth every time he eats/drinks something sweet.
Are you chewing tobacco? That may be the cause of black spots on teeth, too. At first it leads to discoloration. With time it triggers staining too. Many chewers know that tobacco doesn’t lead to speedy and astonishing complications, so they remain calm. Should they? The thing is that its long-term effect appears to be ten times more hazardous.
- Not Rinsing the Mouth
Those, who are not brushing their teeth properly or never rinse their mouths, have black spots too. The usual hygiene routine must consist of brushing twice a day as well as rinsing the mouth after each meal. It will help get rid of all bacteria and food particles that are deposited in the mouth.
- Excessive Caffeine Consumption
Black coffee and dark marks go side by side. Caffeine is present both in coffee and tea and leads to staining faster than other drinks. Coffee-addicted people often have various aesthetic restorations and dental problems are also in the list. If it is really hard to cope with the addiction, one should start with reducing the number of cups per day.
- Chlorohexadine Mouthwash
One of prescription medications that combat gum diseases is Chlorohexadine. It is characterized by pretty strong antimicrobial properties and is effective in preventing bacteria occurrence after scaling. Though it is not a long-term treatment option, it causes risks that are really hard to overcome. When its use is combined with the consumption of dark beverages and large amounts of staining foods, Chlorohexadine mouthwash compounds the darkening effect.
- Silver Amalgam Restorations
They leak over a long time and activate the occurrence of the dark spot on tooth here or there. The marks usually appear near the gingival margin – oral tattoos.
- Iron Supplements
Dark deposits can also appear after the consumption of iron supplements as well as other medications. If you take any pills on a regular basis and have spots, tell your doctor about them in the first place.
What Can Cause Spots in Children?
There are three main triggers that lead to dark marks on teeth in children. These are:
- drinks and foods;
- poor dental hygiene;
- NBS (Nursing Bottle Syndrome).
Older kids often develop discoloration because of soy sauce, coffee, tea, cherries and berries, soft drinks or potatoes. Poor dental hygiene and food triggers are easy to eliminate, while NSB requires immediate attention by the dentist.
Treatment of Black Spots on the Tooth
Before your tiny black spots on teeth become bigger, you must think of their proper treatment. There are several home and professional options to pick from:
- Brush and Rinse Teeth Regularly
These are the basic parts of one’s dental hygiene. Teeth must be brushed at least twice a day (in the morning and before going to bed). After each meal, it’s important to rinse the mouth with water to remove all food particles deposits and prevent possible attacks of acids and bacteria.
- Regular Flossing
Brushing and rinsing are the procedures that people always remember about, yet they tend to forget about the importance of regular flossing. Floss removes food particles deposits, eliminates bacteria and prevents the occurrence of stains. There’s no need to floss after every meal as you can harm the gums, yet doing it every evening is essential.
- Drink Much Water
How drinking much water can help you? Things are as simple as that: water flushes away the micro flora (bacteria) and assists in preventing the drying. Drink much plain water and not carbonated and aerated drinks that you like so much.
- Eat more Raw Vegetables and Fruit Instead of Meat
Fruit and vegetables are chosen because of their ability to prevent decay, dark marks and ensure dental health. Dentists suggest eating more apples, raw carrots, parsley, turnip greens and leafy green vegetables. Don’t forget about nuts, legumes and whole grains as they include all the essential supplements for one’s dental health.
The possibilities of a healthy diet are frequently underestimated. However, nutritious food is essential for dental health. Dieting is a more preventive than treatment measure, yet still it can be helpful, if spots are really tiny. It’s better to avoid eating greasy foods because they stuck and lead to bacteria and stains formation. The same refers to white sugar products and foods.
- Use Soda
Before brushing your teeth, add a pinch of soda to the toothpaste. Why baking soda? It is characterized by abrasive properties that are effective in getting rid of dark stains. Many dentists suggest making a paste of water and baking soda. Apply it in circular motions and scrub to get rid of deposits and marks.
- Choose Fluoride & Calcium Toothpaste
It is hard to find two more effective elements that fight germs and assist in maintaining dental health better than calcium and fluoride. Fluoride toothpaste is a must choice. Aside from buying it, you should also ensure that there is enough fluoride in your drinking water. It is also allowed to use different fluoride supplements that are recommended by the dentist. And don’t forget about calcium: include calcium supplements or drink milk daily to make teeth strong and prevent cracks.
- Rub with Salt
Do you know that salt is proven to be efficient in cleaning teeth? Rub them with a punch of salt at least once in couple of days to restore the required mineral content and remove the black spot on tooth on prolonged use.
- Lemon Juice + Water
Mix lemon juice with some water and check its healing and antibacterial properties. You can also scrub the dark marks with the lemon peel. There is one more way: mix a pinch of salt with some lemon, apply the mixture and wait for a few minutes. Then rinse with water.
- Use Apple Cider Vinegar
Why not make your smile brighter with apple cider vinegar? It works as a whitener and is able to kill germs that affect enamel. Gargle with the mixture of a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and a glass of water twice a week to improve dental health.
When the enamel is greatly affected by spots and stains, only professional whitening can help reduce them all and restore the natural color. Whitening treatment is provided in the dentist’s office only. He may also give a take-home kit to maintain dental health. The kit is used for a week or two.
When a patient is suffering from decay, a dentist usually removes the decay and restores the tooth by a crown or filling. The option depends on the decay severity and well as patient’s needs.
In case of an injury and a damaged or infected pulp, a root canal treatment is performed. When the pulp tissue is either necrotic or heavily damaged and one doesn’t look for treatment, it leads to the loss.
Let’s make things clear: almost every kind of black spot on tooth is removable either during home or professional cleaning. When there are stubborn stains, they may require additional treatment options like laser whitening and power bleaching. If you feel that marked enamel has a negative impact on your life, confidence and comfort, consult your dentist and choose the treatment option that will help achieve a brighter and healthier smile!